¿Qué es el ácido hialurónico y para qué sirve?
  1. Aedv.es [Internet]. Tratamientos antienvejecimiento que sí funcionan. Enero 2015 [consultado 19 diciembre 2019]. Disponible en: https://aedv.es/comunicacion/notas-de-prensa/tratamientos-antienvejecimiento-que-si-funcionan/
  2. Seme.org [Internet]. Cuatro de cada diez españoles recurren a la medicina estética a partir de los 26 años. Enero 2020 [consultado 29 enero 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.seme.org/comunicacion/notas-de-prensa/cuatro-de-cada-diez-espanoles-recurren-a-la-medicina-estetica-a-partir-de-los-26-anos
  3. Greene JJ, Sidle DM. The Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Current Understanding of theTissue Device Interface. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2015; 23(4):423-32.
  4. Macías Ortega M, Cesar Espinoza P, Suazo S et al. Aplicación clínica del ácido hialurónico 2015 (v0.2)
  5. Mansouri Y, Goldenberg G. Update on hyaluronic acid fillers for facial rejuvenation. Cutis. 2015 Aug;96(2):85-8.
  6. Goodman GJ, Swift A, Remington BK. Current Concepts in the Use of Voluma, Volift, and Volbella. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Nov;136(5 Suppl):139S-148S.
  7. Gutowski KA. Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Science and Clinical Uses. Clin Plast Surg. 2016; 43(3):489-96
  8. Ariyati N, Handono K, Nurdiana N, Wirohadidjojo YW. What is the Best Degree of Hyaluronic Acid Crosslinking in Increasing Growth Factors Level of Platelet-Rich Fibrin Lysate? J Stem Cells Regen Med. 2019 May 30;15(1):3-7
  9. Ruiz Martínez, M. and Morales Hernández, M. (2015). Aproximación al tratamiento del envejecimiento cutáneo. Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet), 56(4), pp.183-191.
  10. 1Michaud T, Gassia V, Belhaouari L. Facial dynamics and emotional expressions in facial aging treatments. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2015 Mar;14(1):9-21
  11. de Maio M, DeBoulle K, Braz A, Rohrich RJ; Alliance for the Future of Aesthetics Consensus Committee. Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Midface. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Oct;140(4):540e-550e
  12. Urdiales-Gálvez F, Delgado NE, Figueiredo V, Lajo-Plaza JV, Mira M, Ortíz-Martí F, Del Rio-Reyes R, Romero-Álvarez N, Del Cueto SR, Segurado MA, Rebenaque CV. Preventing the Complications Associated with the Use of Dermal Fillers in Facial Aesthetic Procedures: An Expert Group Consensus Report. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2017 Jun;41(3):667-677
  13. Kandhari R, Goodman GJ, Signorini M, Rahman E. Use of a Hyaluronic Acid Soft-tissue Filler to Correct Congenital and Post-traumatic Lip Asymmetry. J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2017 Jul-Sep;10(3):153-156. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5782440/
  14. de Maio M, Wu WTL, Goodman GJ, Monheit G; Alliance for the Future of Aesthetics Consensus Committee. Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Lower Face. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Sep;140(3):393e-404e
  15. Pavicic, T. and Funt, D. (2013). Dermal fillers in aesthetics: an overview of adverse events and treatment approaches. Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology, p.295
Envejece de forma saludable
  1. Muchaud et al., Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 2014. 14, 9—21
  2. Da Costa, J., Vitorino, R., Silva, G., Vogel, C., Duarte, A. and Rocha-Santos, T. (2016). A synopsis on aging—Theories, mechanisms and future prospects. Ageing Research Reviews, 29, pp.90-112.
  3. Ruiz Martínez, M. and Morales Hernández, M. (2015). Aproximación al tratamiento del envejecimiento cutáneo. Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet), 56(4), pp.183-191.
  4. Lemmel J. Prevención y tratamiento cosmético del envejecimiento cutáneo. OFFARM.2003;22(10):75-82.
  5. Estrés oxidativo inducido por el ejercicio. JM. Fernándeza. Elsevier. Vol. 2. Núm. 1. Páginas 19-34.
  6. Hyaluronic acid: A key molecule in skin aging. Eleni Papakonstantinou. Dermatoendocrinol. 2012 Jul1; 4(3): 253–258.
  7. Kandola et al., International Journal of Cosmetic Science, 2015, 37 (Suppl. 2), 1–8
  8. Felson Sabrina. Effects of Stress con Skin. WebMD Medical Reference. 2019 Jun 25.
  9. Goodman GD, Kaufman J, Day D, et al. Impact of Smoking and Alcohol Use on Facial Aging in Women: Results of a Large Multinational, Multiracial, Cross-sectional Survey. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2019;12(8):28–39.
  10. Divins M. Cosmética Antienvejecimiento. Farmacia Profesional. 2008;22(3):36-40.
  11. Santa Vélez, C. (2017). Estrategias antienvejecimiento. Dermatología Cosmética, Médica y Quirúrgica, 15(2), pp. 103-113.
  12. Rittie, L. and Fisher, G. (2015). Natural and Sun-Induced Aging of Human Skin. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine, 5(1), pp.a015370-a015370.
  13. Garrido-Maraver, J., Cordero, M., Oropesa-Ávila, M., Fernández Vega, A., de la Mata, M., Delgado Pavón, A., de Miguel, M., Pérez Calero, C., Villanueva Paz, M., Cotán, D. and Sánchez-Alcázar, J. (2014). Coenzyme Q<sub>10</sub> Therapy. Molecular Syndromology, 5(3-4), pp.187-197.
  14. Kong R, Cui Y, Fisher GJ, et al. A comparative study of the effects of retinol and retinoic acid on histological, molecular, and clinical properties of human skin. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2016;15(1):49–57. doi:10.1111/jocd.12193 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26578346-a-comparative-study-of-the-effects-of-retinol-and-retinoic-acid-on-histological-molecular-and-clinical-properties-of-human-skin/?from_term=retinol+AND+facial+ageing&from_pos=2 
  15. Zasada M, Budzisz E. Randomized parallel control trial checking the efficacy and impact of two concentrations of retinol in the original formula on the aging skin condition: Pilot study. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2020;19(2):437–443. doi:10.1111/jocd.13040
  16. Rattanawiwatpong, P., Wanitphakdeedecha, R., Bumrungpert, A. and Maiprasert, M. (2020). Anti‐aging and brightening effects of a topical treatment containing vitamin C, vitamin E, and raspberry leaf cell culture extract: A split‐face, randomized controlled trial. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 19(3), pp.671-676.
Descubre los tratamientos faciales para hombres
  1. Kinsella KG. Changes in life expectancy 1900-1990. Am J Clin Nutr. 1992 Jun;55(6 Suppl):1196S-1202S. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-abstract/55/6/1188/4715402
  2. Salomon JA, Wang H, Freeman MK, Vos T, Flaxman AD, Lopez AD, Murray CJ. Healthy life expectancy for 187 countries, 1990-2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden Disease Study 2010. Lancet. 2012 Dec 15;380(9859):2144-62. Erratum in: Lancet. 2013 Feb 23;381(9867):628
  3. Autores no listados. The international study on aesthetic/cosmetic procedures performed in 2017. https://www.isaps.org/medical-professionals/isaps-global-statistics/ Último acceso 23 de febrero2020.
  4. Devgan L, Singh P, Durairaj K. Minimally Invasive Facial Cosmetic Procedures. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2019 Jun;52(3):443-459. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30954270
  5. Autores no listados. Estudio sobre el Impacto Socio-Económico de la Medicina Estética enEspaña.Disponible en https://www.actasanitaria.com/un-36-de-los-espanoles-recurre-a-la-medicina-estetica-a-partir-de-los-26-anos/ Último acceso 23 de febrero 2020
  6. Balaji SM, Balaji P. Psychological Desire of Facial Esthetics in Males. Ann Maxillofac Surg.2019Jul-Dec;9(2):326-332.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6933999/
  7. Keaney TC, Anolik R, Braz A, Eidelman M, Eviatar JA, Green JB, et al. The Male Aesthetic Patient: Facial Anatomy, Concepts of Attractiveness, and Treatment Patterns. J Drugs Dermatol. 2018 Jan 1;17(1):19-28. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29320584
  8. Farhadian JA, Bloom BS, Brauer JA. Male Aesthetics: A Review of Facial Anatomy and Pertinent Clinical Implications. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015 Sep;14(9):1029-34.
  9. Giacomoni PU, Mammone T, Teri M. Gender-linked differences in human skin. J Dermatol Sci. 2009 ep;55(3):144-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19574028
  10. Shuster S, Black MM, McVitie E. The influence of age and sex on skin thickness, skin collagen and density. Br J Dermatol. 1975 Dec;93(6): 639-43. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.111/j.1365-2133.1975.tb05113.x
  11. Krogman WM. Sexing skeletal remains. In: The human skeleton in forensic medicine. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, 1973; p112. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260872247_The_Human_Skeleton_in_Forensic_Medicine
  12. Garvin HM, Ruff CB. Sexual dimorphism in skeletal browridge and chin morphologies determined using a new quantitative method. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2012 Apr;147(4):661-70.
  13. Tsukahara K, Hotta M, Osanai O, et al. Gender-dependent differences in degree of facial wrinkles. Skin Res Technol. 2013 Feb;19(1):e65-71. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22233134
  14. Paes EC, Teepen HJ, Koop WA, et al. Perioral wrinkles: histologic differences between men and women. Aesthet Surg J. 2009 Nov-Dec;29(6):467-72. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/40038135_Perioral_Wrinkles_Histologic_Differences_Between_Men_and_Women
  15. Bulpitt CJ, Markowe HL, Shipley MJ. Why do some people look older than they should? Postgrad Med J. 2001 Sep;77(911):578-81.
  16. Pinkhasov RM, Wong J, Kashanian J, et al. Are men shortchanged on health? Perspective on health care utilization and health risk behavior in men and women in the United States. Int J Clin Pract. 2010 Mar;64(4): 475-87. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20456194
  17. Keaney T. Male aesthetics. Skin Therapy Lett. 2015 Mar-Apr;20(2):5-7.
  18. Dhaliwal J, Friedman O. Injectables and fillers in male patients. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2008 Aug;16(3):345-55. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18620986
  19. Wieczorek IT, Hibler BP, Rossi AM. Injectable Cosmetic Procedures for the Male Patient. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015 Sep;14(9):1043-51.
  20. Khosravanifard B, Rakhshan V, Raeesi E. Factors influencing attractiveness of soft tissue profile. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2013; 115:29–37.
  21. Ogilvie P, Sattler G, Gaymans F, Belhaouari L, Weichman BM, Snow S, Chawla S, Abrams S, Schumacher A. Safe, Effective Chin and Jaw Restoration With VYC-25L Hyaluronic Acid Injectable Gel. Dermatol Surg. 2019 Oct;45(10):1294-1303.
  22. Ogilvie P, Benouaiche L, Philipp-Dormston WG, Belhaouari L, Gaymans F, Sattler G, Harvey C, Schumacher A. VYC-25L Hyaluronic Acid Injectable Gel is Safe and Effective for Long-Term Restoration and Creation of Volume of the Lower Face. Aesthet Surg J. 2020 Jan 21. pii: sjaa013. doi: 10.1093/asj/sjaa013.
  23. Wu WT, Liew S, Chan HH, Ho WW, Supapannachart N, Lee HK, et al; Asian Facial Aesthetics Expert Consensus Group. Consensus on Current Injectable Treatment Strategies in the Asian Face. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2016 Apr;40(2):202-14.
  24. Rzany B, Cartier H, Kestemont P, Trevidic P, Sattler G, Kerrouche N, et al. Full-face rejuvenation using a range of hyaluronic acid fillers: efficacy, safety, and patient satisfaction over 6 months. Dermatol Surg. 2012 Jul;38(7 Pt 2):1153-61. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22759252
  25. Falcone SJ, Palmeri DM, Berg RA. Rheological and cohesive properties of hyaluronic acid. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2006 Mar 15;76(4):721-8. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/7454180_Rheological_and_cohesive_properties_of_hyaluronic_acid
  26. Fanian F, Jeudy A, Lihoreau T, Moisenier S, Delobel P, Meunier S, et al. In-vivo injection of oligonutrients and high molecular weight hyaluronic acid - results of a randomized controlled trial. Aesthetic Medicine 2017; 3: 23-33. PDF Adjunto
  27. Bukhari SNA, Roswandi NL, Waqas M, Habib H, Hussain F, Khan S, et al. Hyaluronic acid, a promising skin rejuvenating biomedicine: A review of recent updates and pre-clinical and clinical investigations on cosmetic and nutricosmetic effects. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018 Dec;120(Pt B):1682-1695.
  28. D'Aloiso CM, Senzolo M. Efficacy of dermal redensification in chronoaged face: Quantitative volumetric assessment. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2020 Jan;19(1):199-204. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31077547
¿Qué trata la medicina estética?
  1. Krueger N, Luebberding S, Sattler G, Hanke CW, Alexiades-Armenakas M, Sadick N. The history of aesthetic medicine and surgery. J Drugs Dermatol. 2013 Jul 1;12(7):737-42
  2. Harth W. [What is beauty?: Manifest for an aesthetic character medicine]. Hautarzt. 2017 Dec;68(12):950-958.
  3. Autores no listados. La Société Française de Médecine Esthétique. Disponible en https://www.sfme.info/sfme Último acceso 24 de febrero de 2020.
  4. Autores no listados. Sociedad Española de Medicina Estética. Disponible en https://www.seme.org/la-seme/que-es Último acceso 24 de febrero 2020.
  5. Balaji SM, Balaji P. Psychological Desire of Facial Esthetics in Males. Ann Maxillofac Surg. 2019 Jul-Dec;9(2):326-332.
  6. Autores no listados. The international study on aesthetic/cosmetic procedures performed in 2017. https://www.isaps.org/medical-professionals/isaps-global-statistics/ Último acceso 23 de febrero 2020.
  7. Autores no listados. Libro blanco de la Medicina Estética. Disponible en https://www.seme.org/la-seme/libro-blanco-de-la-medicina-estetica Último acceso 23 de febrero de 2020.
  8. Autores no listados. ¿Qué es la medicina estética? Disponible en https://www.seme.org/pacientes/que-es-la-medicina-estetica Último acceso 23 de febrero 2020.
  9. Scharschmidt D, Mirastschijski U, Preiss S, Brähler E, Fischer T, Borkenhagen A. Body Image, Personality Traits, and Quality of Life in Botulinum Toxin A and Dermal Filler Patients. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2018 Aug;42(4):1119-1125.
  10. Ribeiro F, Steiner D. Quality of life before and after cosmetic procedures on the face: A cross-sectional study in a public service. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2018 Oct;17(5):688-692.
  11. Sociedad Española de Medicina Estética. Disponible en https://www.seme.org/medicos/intrusismo Último acceso 23 de febrero de 2020.
  12. Búsqueda bibliográfica en la base de datos PubMed. Disponible en https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/?term=aesthetic+medicine Último acceso 24 de febrero 2020.
  13. Cramer B. Recent developments in health law. Puerto Rico creates legal precedent for regulation of aesthetic medicine. J Law Med Ethics. 2012 Summer;40(2):418-22.
  14. Marinelli E, Montanari Vergallo G, Reale G, di Luca A, Catarinozzi I, Napoletano S, et al. The role of fillers in aesthetic medicine: medico-legal aspects. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016 Nov;20(22):4628-4634.
  15. Di Lorenzo P, Casella C, Capasso E, Delbon P, Fedeli P, Policino F, Niola M. Aesthetic Dental Procedures: Legal and Medico-legal Implications. Open Med (Wars). 2018 Mar 30;13:96-100.
  16. Autores no listados. Real Decreto 1277/2003, de 10 de octubre, por el que se establecen las bases generales sobre autorización de centros, servicios y establecimientos sanitarios. Disponible en https://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2003-19572 Último acceso 24 de febrero 2020.
  17. Autores lo listados. El ICOMEM hace entrega de 61 Documentos del Registro en Medicina Estética y Cosmética. Disponible en https://www.icomem.es/comunicacion/noticias/1347/El-ICOMEM-hace-entrega-de-61-Documentos-del-Registro-en-Medicina-Estetica-y-Cosmetica- Último acceso 24 de febrero 2020.
  18. Autores no listados. El Colegio de Médicos de Cádiz ha habilitado a más de 50 colegiados en acupuntura, homeopatía y medicina estética. Disponible en https://www.cgcom.es/noticias/2007/06/07_06_25_com_cadiz Último acceso 24 de febrero 2020.
Arrugas faciales: causas y tratamiento
  1. Arrugas - Síntomas y causas - Mayo Clinic [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.mayoclinic.org/es-es/diseases-conditions/wrinkles/symptoms-causes/syc-20354927
  2. Wrinkles [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.asds.net/skin-experts/skin-conditions/wrinkles
  3. Manríquez JJ, Majerson Gringberg D, Nicklas Diaz C. Wrinkles. BMJ Clin Evid. 2008;pii:1711.
  4. Cesare B, Roberto C, Giuseppe N, Luca G, Carlo D. Face rejuvenation: a new combinated protocol for biorevitalization. Acta Biomed. 2018;89:400-5.
  5. Cómo influye el estrés en tu cuerpo y en tu conducta [Internet]. Mayo Clinic. [acceso: 12 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.mayoclinic.org/es-es/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/stress-symptoms/art-20050987
  6. Arrugas - Diagnóstico y tratamiento - Mayo Clinic [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.mayoclinic.org/es-es/diseases-conditions/wrinkles/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20354931
  7. Fundación Piel Sana - Wikiderma Rellenos Faciales [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://fundacionpielsana.es/wikiderma/rellenos-faciales-
  8. Estética SE de M. Nuevo estudio socioeconómico y de penetración del sector de la medicina estética en España [Internet]. [acceso: 24 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.seme.org/comunicacion/noticias-seme/nuevo-estudio-socioeconomico-y-de-penetracion-del-sector-de-la-medicina-estetica-en-espana
  9. Health C for D and R. Cómo rellenar las arrugas de una manera segura. FDA [Internet]. 2019 [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]; Disponible en: http://www.fda.gov/consumers/articulos-en-espanol/como-rellenar-las-arrugas-de-una-manera-segura
  10. Callan P, Goodman GJ, Carlisle I, Liew S, Muzikants P, Scamp T, et al. Efficacy and safety of a hyaluronic acid filler in subjects treated for correction of midface volume deficiency: a 24 month study. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2013;6:81-9.
  11. Jones D, Murphy DK. Volumizing hyaluronic acid filler for midface volume deficit: 2-year results from a pivotal single-blind randomized controlled study. Dermatol Surg. 2013;39:1602-12.
Tu rutina facial en 5 pasos
  1. 10 skin care secrets for healthier-looking skin [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/skin-care-secrets/routine/healthier-looking-skin
  2. Face washing [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/skin-care-basics/care/face-washing-101
  3. Griffith JL, McCowan NK. Basic skin care: a pragmatic approach to better skin using over-the-counter cosmeceuticals. J Miss State Med Assoc. 2014;55:316-20. https://issuu.com/jmsmamanagingeditor/docs/october_2014_jmsma
  4. How to safely exfoliate at home [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/skin-care-secrets/routine/safely-exfoliate-at-home
  5. Hidratación o nutrición: ¿Qué es lo que tu piel necesita? - AEDV [Internet]. Academia Española de Dermatología y Venereología. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://aedv.es/comunicacion/notas-de-prensa/hidratacion-o-nutricion-que-es-lo-que-tu-piel-necesita/
  6. Should I apply my skin care products in a certain order? [Internet]. [acceso: 5 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/skin-care-basics/care/apply-skin-care-certain-order
  7. Estética SE de M. Cuatro de cada diez españoles recurren a la medicina estética a partir de los 26 años [Internet]. [acceso: 24 de marzo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.seme.org/comunicacion/notas-de-prensa/cuatro-de-cada-diez-espanoles-recurren-a-la-medicina-estetica-a-partir-de-los-26-anos
  8. Macías Ortega M, Espinoza PC, Suazo S, Jímenez AN, Rubio F, Breve L. Aplicación clínica del ácido hialurónico. Rev fac cienc méd. 2015;12:41-9.
  9. Callan P, Goodman GJ, Carlisle I, Liew S, Muzikants P, Scamp T, et al. Efficacy and safety of a hyaluronic acid filler in subjects treated for correction of midface volume deficiency: a 24 month study. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2013;6:81-9.
  10. Jones D, Murphy DK. Volumizing hyaluronic acid filler for midface volume deficit: 2-year results from a pivotal single-blind randomized controlled study. Dermatol Surg. 2013;39:1602-12.
  11. Geronemus R, Bank D, Hardas B, Shamban A, Weichman B, Murphy D. Safety and Effectiveness of VYC-15L, a Hyaluronic Acid Filler for Lip and Perioral Enhancement. Dermatologic Surgery. 2017;43(3):396-404.
Ácido hialurónico inyectable: aplicaciones y beneficios para la piel
  1. Aedv.es [Internet]. Tratamientos antienvejecimiento que sí funcionan. Enero 2015 [consultado 19 diciembre 2019]. Disponible en: https://aedv.es/comunicacion/notas-de-prensa/tratamientos-antienvejecimiento-que-si-funcionan/
  2. AMacías Ortega M, Cesar Espinoza P , Suazo S et al. Aplicación clínica del ácido hialurónico. Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Julio-Diciembre 2015; páginas 41-49. Disponible en: http://www.bvs.hn/RFCM/pdf/2015/pdf/RFCMVol12-2-2015-6.pdf
  3. Greene JJ, Sidle DM. The Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Current Understanding of theTissue Device Interface. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2015; 23(4):423-32.
  4. Guerra Tapia A, Gómez de la Fuente E. El ácido hialurónico y sus aplicaciones en dermatología. Rev Actas Dermo [Internet]. Septiembre 1998 [consultado 19 diciembre 2019], 89:9, páginas 435-443. Disponible en: https://www.actasdermo.org/es-el-acido-hialuronico-sus-aplicaciones-articulo-13003360
  5. Ruiz Martínez, M. and Morales Hernández, M. (2015). Aproximación al tratamiento del envejecimiento cutáneo. Ars Pharmaceutica (Internet), 56(4), pp.183-191.
  6. Goodman GD, Kaufman J, Day D, et al. Impact of Smoking and Alcohol Use on Facial Aging in Women: Results of a Large Multinational, Multiracial, Cross-sectional Survey. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2019;12(8):28–39.
  7. Sattler et al., Dermatol Surg 2016.(1)
  8. Seme.org [Internet]. Cuatro de cada diez españoles recurren a la medicina estética a partir de los 26 años. Enero 2020 [consultado 29 enero 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.seme.org/comunicacion/notas-de-prensa/cuatro-de-cada-diez-espanoles-recurren-a-la-medicina-estetica-a-partir-de-los-26-anos
Tipos de ácido hialurónico
  1. Gutowski K. Hyaluronic Acid Fillers. Clinics in Plastic Surgery. 2016; 43(3), pp. 489-496.
  2. Authors not listed. The international study on aesthetic/cosmetic procedures performed in 2018. Disponible en: https://www.isaps.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/ISAPS-Global-Survey-Results-2018-new.pdf [último acceso 12 de febrero 2020].
  3. Brandt FS, Cazzaniga A. Hyaluronic acid gel fi llers in the management of facial aging. Clinical Interventions in Aging. 2008; 3(1), 153–159. Disponible en: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2544360/pdf/cia-0301-153.pdf.
  4. Erazo PJ, De Carvalho AC, Alexander T, Ramos M, Vianna P. Relleno facial con ácido hialurónico: técnica de pilares y malla de sustentación. Principios básicos para obtener una remodelación facial. Cir. Plást. Iberolatinoam. Jul-Ago-Sep 2009; vol. 35 - nº 3; pp. 181-194. Disponible en: http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/cpil/v35n3/original3.pdf.
  5. Kontis TC. Contemporary review of injectable facial fillers. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2013;15:58–64.
  6. André P. Evaluation of the safety of a non-animal stabilized hyaluronic acid (NASHA -- Q-Medical, Sweden) in European countries: a retrospective study from 1997 to 2001. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2004 Jul;18(4):422-5.
  7. Baspeyras M, Rouvrais C, Liégard L, et al. Clinical and biometrological efficacy of a hyaluronic acid-based mesotherapy product: a randomised controlled study. Arch Dermatol Res. 2013 Oct; 305(8): 673-82. Disponible en: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23715889.
  8. Tezel A, Fredrickson G. The science of hyaluronic acid dermal fillers. Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy. 2008; 10(1), pp. 35-42.
  9. Callan P et al. Efficacy and safety of a hyaluronic acid filler in subjects treated for correction of midface volume deficiency: a 24 month study. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2013; 20: 81-89.
  10. Jones D, Murphy DK. Volumizing hyaluronic acid filler for midface volume deficit: 2-year results from a pivotal single-blind randomized controlled study. Dermatol Surg. 2013; 39: 1602-12.
  11. Niforoset al. Poster Presented at the AMEC an VISAGE Joint Meeting, 15-17 September, 2017, Monte Carlo, Monaco.
  12. Michaud T, Gassia V, Belhaouari L. Facial dynamics and emotional expressions in facial aging treatments. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2015 Mar; 14(1): 9-21.
  13. Urdiales-Gálvez F, Delgado NE, Figueiredo V, et al. Preventing the Complications Associated with the Use of Dermal Fillers in Facial Aesthetic Procedures: An Expert Group Consensus Report. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2017 Jun; 41(3): 667-677. Disponible en: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28411354.
  14. Farolch-Prats L, Nome-Chamorro C. Facial Contouring by Using Dermal Fillers and Botulinum Toxin A: A Practical Approach. Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2019 Jun; 43(3): 793-802. Disponible en: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30953112.
  15. Bukhari SN, Roswandi L, Waqas M et al. Hyaluronic acid, a promising skin rejuvenating biomedicine: A review of recent updates and pre-clinical and clinical investigations on cosmetic and nutricosmetic effects. Int J Biological Macromolecules. December 2018; Vol 120, Part B, pp. 1682-1695. Disponible en: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014181301833770X?via%3Dihub.
Todo sobre el aumento de labios con ácido hialurónico
  1. Chiu A, et al. Lip Injection Techniques Using Small-Particle Hyaluronic Acid Dermal Filler. J Drugs Dermatol. 2016 Sep 1;15(9):1076-82.
  2. ‘Desterrando Mitos’, estudio de investigación de mercado llevado a cabo por Allergan en colaboración con la Sociedad Española de Medicina Estética en Junio de 2016.
  3. Raspaldo H, et al. Lip and Perioral Enhancement: A 12-Month Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Study. J Drugs Dermatol. 2015;14(12):1444-1452.
  4. Sociedad Española de Medicina Estética. Remodelación labial. Disponible en: https://www.seme.org/pacientes/tecnicas-y-tratamientos/remodelacion-labial.
  5. Grupo Español de Dermatología Estética y Terapéutica. Rellenos. Disponible en: https://gedet.aedv.es/rellenos/
  6. Raspaldo H. Volumizing Effect of a New Hyaluronic Acid Sub-Dermal Facial Filler: A Retrospective Analysis Based on 102 Cases. J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2008;10:134-42.
  7. Mckee D, et al. Effective Rejuvenation With Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Current Advanced Concepts. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2019 Jun;143(6):1277e-1289e.
Tratamientos faciales para un rostro más joven
  1. Trojahn C, Dobos G, Lichterfeld A, Blume-Peytavi U, Kottner J. Characterizing facial skin ageing in humans: disentangling extrinsic from intrinsic biological phenomena. Biomed Res Int. 2015;318586.
  2. 11 ways to reduce premature skin aging [Internet]. [acceso: 25 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.aad.org/public/everyday-care/skin-care-secrets/anti-aging/reduce-premature-aging-skin
  3. Skin Rejuvenation and Resurfacing [Internet]. American Society of Plastic Surgeons. [acceso: 25 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.plasticsurgery.org/cosmetic-procedures/skin-rejuvenation-and-resurfacing
  4. How laser and radiofrequency treatments rejuvenate your skin [Internet]. American Society of Plastic Surgeons. [acceso: 25 de mayo de 2020]. Disponible en: https://www.plasticsurgery.org/news/blog/how-laser-and-radiofrequency-treatments-rejuvenate-your-skin
  5. Mansouri Y, Goldenberg G. Update on hyaluronic acid fillers for facial rejuvenation. Cutis. 2015;96:85-8.
  6. Mckee D, Remington K, Swift A, Lambros V, Comstock J, Lalonde D. Effective Rejuvenation with Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Current Advanced Concepts. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2019;143:1277e-89e.
  7. Andre P. New trends in face rejuvenation by hyaluronic acid injections. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2008;7:251-8.
  8. Callan P, Goodman GJ, Carlisle I, Liew S, Muzikants P, Scamp T, et al. Efficacy and safety of a hyaluronic acid filler in subjects treated for correction of midface volume deficiency: a 24 month study. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2013;6:81-9.
  9. Jones D, Murphy DK. Volumizing hyaluronic acid filler for midface volume deficit: 2-year results from a pivotal single-blind randomized controlled study. Dermatol Surg. 2013;39:1602-12.

Colágeno frente ácido hialurónico en medicina estética


  1. Avila Rodríguez MI, Rodríguez Barroso LG, Sánchez ML. Collagen: A review on its sources and potential cosmetic applications. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2018 Feb;17(1):20-26.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29144022
  2.  Autores no listados. Colágeno para todo. Disponible en http://www.revista60ymas.es/InterPresent1/groups/revistas/documents/binario/ses330informe.pdf Último acceso 5 de marzo 2020.
  3. Silvipriya KS, Krishna Kumar K, Bhat AR, Dinesh Kumar B, Anish John, Panayappan lakshmanan. Collagen: Animal Sources and Biomedical Application. J App Pharm Sci, 2015; 5 (03): 123- 127.
  4. Wang JV, Schoenberg E, Saedi N, Ibrahim O. Platelet-rich Plasma, Collagen Peptides, and Stem Cells for Cutaneous Rejuvenation. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2020 Jan;13(1):44-49. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32082473
  5. Spiro A, Lockyer S. Nutraceuticals and skin appearance: Is there any evidence to support this growing trend? Nutr Bull. 2018;43(1):10–45. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/nbu.12304
  6. Watson W, Kaye RL, Klein A, Stegman S. Injectable collagen: a clinical overview. Cutis. 1983 May;31(5):543-6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6851652
  7.  Baumann L, Kaufman J, Saghari S. Collagen fillers. Dermatol Ther. 2006 May-Jun;19(3):134-40. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16784512
  8. Andre P, Lowe NJ, Parc A, Clerici TH, Zimmermann U. Adverse reactions to dermal fillers: a review of European experiences. J Cosmet Laser Ther. 2005 Dec;7(3-4):171-6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16414905
  9. Downie J, Mao Z, Rachel Lo TW, Barry S, Bock M, Siebert JP, Bowman A, Ayoub A. A double-blind, clinical evaluation of facial augmentation treatments: a comparison of PRI 1, PRI 2, Zyplast and Perlane. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg.2009 Dec;62(12):1636-43. https://www.jprasurg.com/article/S1748-6815(08)00826-7/fulltext
  10. Gutowski KA. Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Science and Clinical Uses. Clin Plast Surg. 2016; 43(3):489-96. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27363762
  11. Mansouri Y, Goldenberg G. Update on hyaluronic acid fillers for facial rejuvenation. Cutis. 2015 Aug;96(2):85-8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26367746
  12. Keen MA. Hyaluronic Acid in Dermatology. Skinmed. 2017 Dec 1;15(6):441-448. eCollection 2017. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29282181
  13. Autores no listados. The international study on aesthetic/cosmetic procedures performed in 2018. Último acceso 5 de marzo 2020. https://www.isaps.org/medical-professionals/isaps-global-statistics/
  14. Smith KC. Reversible vs. nonreversible fillers in facial aesthetics: concerns and considerations. Dermatol Online J. 2008 Aug 15;14(8):3. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19061563
  15. Gutowski KA. Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Science and Clinical Uses. Clin Plast Surg. 2016; 43(3):489-96. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27363762
  16. Fallacara A, Baldini E, Manfredini S, Vertuani S. Hyaluronic Acid in the Third Millennium. Polymers (Basel). 2018 Jun 25;10(7). pii: E701. Doi: 10.3390/polym10070701. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30960626
  17. Michaud T, Gassia V, Belhaouari L. Facial dynamics and emotional expressions in facial aging treatments. J Cosmet Dermatol. 2015 Mar;14(1):9-21.
  18. Walker K, Basehore BM, Zito PM. Hyaluronic Acid. 2019 Oct 21. StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2020 Jan-. Disponible en http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK482440/  Último acceso 21 de febrero 2020. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29494047
  19. de Maio M, Swift A, Signorini M, Fagien S; Aesthetic Leaders in Facial Aesthetics Consensus Committee. Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Upper Face. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Aug;140(2):265e-276e. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28746271
  20. de Maio M, DeBoulle K, Braz A, Rohrich RJ; Alliance for the Future of Aesthetics Consensus Committee. Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Midface. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Oct;140(4):540e-550e. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28953721
  21. de Maio M, Wu WTL, Goodman GJ, Monheit G; Alliance for the Future of Aesthetics Consensus Committee. Facial Assessment and Injection Guide for Botulinum Toxin and Injectable Hyaluronic Acid Fillers: Focus on the Lower Face. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Sep;140(3):393e-404e. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28841604
  22. Muhn C, Rosen N, Solish N, Bertucci V, Lupin M, Dansereau A, Weksberg F, Remington BK, Swift A. The evolving role of hyaluronic acid fillers for facial volume restoration and contouring: a Canadian overview. Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol. 2012;5:147-58. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23071398
  23. Broder KW, Cohen SR. An overview of permanent and semipermanent fillers. Plast Reconstr Surg 2006;118(3 Suppl):7S-14S. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16936539
  24. Matarasso SL, Beer K. Injectable collagens. In: Carruthers J, Carruthers A, eds. Procedures in Cosmetic Dermatology: Soft Tissue Augmentation. Series Editor: Dover JS. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier Saunders; 2005. https://www.elsevier.com/books/soft-tissue-augmentation/dover/978-0-323-47658-4
  25. Autores no listados. Overall trends 2000/2017/2018 National Cosmetic Procedures. Disponible en https://www.plasticsurgery.org/documents/News/Statistics/2018/cosmetic-procedure-trends-2018.pdf  Último acceso 5 de marzo 2020.
  26. Sandoval LF, Huang KE, Davis SA, Feldman SR, Taylor SL. Trends in the Use of Neurotoxins and Dermal Fillers by US Physicians. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2014 Sep;7(9):14-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25276271
  27. Kontis TC. Contemporary review of injectable facial fillers. JAMA Facial Plast Surg. 2013;15:58–64. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25276271
  28. Narins RS, Brandt F, Leyden J, Lorenc ZP, Rubin M, Smith S. A randomized, double-blind, multicenter comparison of the efficacy and tolerability of Restylane versus Zyplast for the correction of nasolabial folds. Dermatol Surg. 2003 Jun;29(6):588-95. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12786700
  29. Lindqvist C, Tveten S, Bondevik BE, Fagrell D. A randomized, evaluator-blind, multicenter comparison of the efficacy and tolerability of Perlane versus Zyplast in the correction of nasolabial folds. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;115:282–289. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15622265
  30. Baumann LS, Shamban AT, Lupo MP, Monheit GD, Thomas JA, Murphy DK, Walker PS; JUVEDERM vs. ZYPLAST Nasolabial Fold Study Group. Comparison of smooth-gel hyaluronic acid dermal fillers with cross-linked bovine collagen: a multicenter, double-masked, randomized, within-subject study. Dermatol Surg. 2007 Dec;33 Suppl 2:S128-35. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18086050
  31. Lupo MP, Smith SR, Thomas JA, Murphy DK, Beddingfield FC 3rd. Effectiveness of Juvéderm Ultra Plus dermal filler in the treatment of severe nasolabial folds. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008 Jan;121(1):289-97. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18176233